See the Below for information for Poetic Devices and Literary Terms

Poetic Device/Figurative Language to know: 

1. Rhythm: refers to the rise and fall of our voices as we stress some sounds more strongly than others. This means that the pattern of stressed or unstressed syllables is repeated throughout the poem. 
2. Meter: a strict rhythmic pattern is called meter. (You can scan the poem) 
3. End Rhyme: the pattern of rhyme at the end of a line (ABBA, ABAB, etc.) 
4. Internal Rhyme: rhyme happening within the stanza 
5. Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together 
6. Onomatopoeia: is the use of words with sounds that imitate or suggest their meaning (purr, crash, bang) 
7. Free Verse: has no regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables, more like regular speech. 
8. Metaphor: Directly compares two dissimilar things. 
9. Simile: uses a word such as like or as or than to compare two dissimilar things. 
10. Personification: gives human qualities to non-human things. 
11. Tone: attitude of a writer toward a subject or audience 
12. Theme: What is the poem ultimately talking about? 
13. Refrain: the repetition of a line at regular intervals 
14. Ballad: song or poem in short stanzas that tells a story 
15. Haiku: Japanese poetry- 3 lines - first line - 5 syllables, second line- 7 syllables, third line - 5 syllables- subject: nature. 
16. Hyperbole: an exaggeration for effect, saying more than is true 
17. Oxymoron: a contradiction in terms- (jumbo shrimp) 
18. Stanza: a division of poetry for the number of lines it contains 
19. Couplet: 2-line stanza Triplet: 3-line stanza Quatrain: 4 lines Quintet: 5 lines Sestet: 6 lines Septet: 7 lines Octave: 8 lines 
20. Imagery: Words that help connect the reader and form images using sensory details such as sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell. 
21. Mood: how the reader feels 


Literary Terms: 

1. Main character- the character who goes through the most change in the novel must tell how 
2. Setting- time and place 
3. Point of View
    a. First Person (uses pronouns such as I, me, us, we) 
    b. Third Person (uses pronouns such as he, she, they) 
    c. Third Person Shifting- reader knows inner thoughts of certain characters, this may  change throughout the novel (from chapter to chapter) 
    d. Third Person Limited- reader knows inner thoughts of only one character 
    e. Third Person Omniscient- reader knows inner thoughts of all characters at all times 
4. Plot- sequence of events 
    a. Exposition-background and setting 
    b. Narrative Hook-that moment when the first action of the story begins; “hooks” the reader 
    c. Rising Action- events leading up to climax; action and suspense continue to build 
    d. Climax- turning point where a conflict is solved; point of no return; decisions made at this point seal character’s fate in story; significant change for main character 
    e. Falling Action-events that result from the climax & lead to a resolution 
    f. Resolution- conclusion of the story; all conflicts are resolved; not all stories have a “neat” resolution (Cliffhangers have no Resolution) 
5. Theme- author’s message to the reader 
6. Conflict- problems or struggle between two opposing forces 
    a. Internal- conflict within a character (Person v Self) 
7. External-struggle occurring between two or more characters; Person v Person, Nature, Technology, Society; Supernatural 
8. Irony- difference between what the reader expects to happen and what actually happens: Situational, Dramatic; Verbal 
9. Foreshadowing- the author’s use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story 10. Flashback- a scene within the story that interrupts the sequence of events to relate events that occurred in the past; pieces of the exposition can be discovered in flashback 
11. Figurative Language-writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally Examples include: 
    a. Metaphor- a figure of speech in which something is described as though it is something else 
    b. Personification- a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics 
    c. Simile- a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison to relate events that occurred in the past 
    d.  Idiom- A phrase that means something different then its literal meaning
    e.  Allusion- Using someone else's work of art in your work of art usually to get the writer's point across.
12. Symbolism- an item that represents something or an idea that is much greater than it is. The symbol you can touch; the idea you can’t touch.